The City

> Climate

The province has a continental climate that can cause temperatures to fluctuate from 0º C or even slightly below in winter to temperatures of 40º C in the summer season. This climate, which is predominant in Madrid itself, lies in stark contrast with the cold winters and mild summers of the mountainous northern area of the region.

The average annual temperature there is 14º C, ranging from 5º C in the coldest months to 25º C in the hottest months. The levels of precipitation vary, although rainfall is generally scarce, especially in the continental climate zone.


Located in the center of Spain, the entire province revolves around the city of Madrid, the capital of Spain since the Age of Enlightenment (18th century).

The origins of the city are currently under review after some recent findings in its oldest perimeter, comprised of Visigothic burials as well as remains dating back to the Carpathian (pre-Roman) period. Since the 18th century, the city has been an important center for economic and cultural activities. It has an important historical heritage, among which the “Madrid of the Austrians”, the traditional Hapsburg center, is especially remarkable, as is the plaza Puerta del Sol, Plaza Mayor, and the majestic Royal Palace, surrounded by gardens. It is an influential cultural center and has internationally renowned museums, including the Prado Museum, the Reina Sofía National Art Center Museum, CaixaForum Madrid and the Thyssen-Bornemisza, among others..

In the province of Madrid, we can find San Lorenzo el Escorial, founded by King Philip II in 1563, an exceptional palace-monastery designed by Juan de Herrera, the most brilliant Spanish Renaissance architect, as well as the city of Aranjuez, a former royal summer residence located in a beautiful fertile area.

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